The goal of every grower is to grow healthy plants, but plants need extra care and attention. It is not easy to grow healthy plants if you don’t know the basics and important things that play a vital role in the plant’s growth.
Usually, beginners make some mistakes that affect the growth of plants and yield. Due to the lack of knowledge, they end up wasting time and money.
In this article, we will explain how growers can grow healthy plants. We will look at different aspects that are responsible for maintaining and promoting plant health.
Tips For You to Grow Healthy Plants
The most important thing for the growth of plants is adequate lighting. Plants need sunlight for photosynthesis. Indoor plants do not get direct sunlight, so grow lights are used to provide the required radiation.
If you want to grow healthy plants, you need to provide adequate lighting that can help plants in making their own food.
The light needs to be adequate; if it is too low, the plant won’t be able to produce food, and if it is too high, there can be burns on the leaves and other adverse effects.
Indoor growers need to think about which type of grow lights they should use. There are different types of grow lights available, and sometimes, it becomes difficult for beginners to select the right one.
The cheapest grow light is incandescent bulbs. These are easily available at a very low cost, but their efficiency is terrible. They emit too much heat, which can increase the temperature of the grow room and affect the plants badly.
The next option is fluorescent bulbs. These are excellent for beginners as their price is reasonable, and they do not emit too much heat. They can be used for grow lights, but they are not suitable for commercial and large-scale growers. If you are starting your journey as an indoor grower and you have only a few plants, this could work.
HID lights are also preferred for indoor grow areas. These lights provide the radiation required by plants, but their efficiency is a bit low, and they emit heat. Expert growers use HID lights with extra care.
The best option is LED grow lights. These are very efficient, and the efficiency can reach up to 75-90%. Therefore, commercial growers install LED grow lights in their grow areas.
LED grow lights emit minimal heat, which does not harm plants in any way. The heat can easily be regulated through ventilation. In addition, the lifespan of these lights is much longer than other types of grow lights.
The best thing about LED grow lights is their features. The brightness or intensity of these lights can be controlled. They can also provide different spectrums of light that can be adjusted according to the growth stage of the plants.
For instance, Smart-8 is an innovative grow light in which you can adjust the timer, power, and spectrum to give the optimal light that your plants need. You can grow stronger plants and get the ideal yield.
LED grow lights are the best if you want to grow healthy plants. These are more than perfect, and their extraordinary features make indoor growing easier.
Provide Enough Water and Fertilizers
Plants also need water to carry out photosynthesis. Water is essential in order to grow healthy plants. But keep in mind that you also need to provide the optimal quantity of water.
If you provide less than the required amount, the plant won’t be able to synthesize its own food. Due to the shortage of food, the plant will not grow as it should. The plant growth will slow down, and eventually, you will not get the required yield. In the worst case, the plant will die or not be able to produce flowers/buds.
On the other hand, if you provide excess water to the plant, it will create various issues, including waterlogging. The soil will have too much water, and there won’t be sufficient space for the flow of oxygen. Due to lack of oxygen, the roots will die.
If you want to grow healthy plants in pots, make sure you provide the right amount of water. Plus, there should be a proper drain system to expel the excess water.
Based on the growth stage and type of the plant, you need to make sure the plant gets enough water that it needs. It is better to check the soil to know whether the plant needs water or not.
The next important thing is fertilizer. Usually, indoor growers, especially commercial growers, use fertilizer to grow healthy plants. There are different fertilizers available, and you need to select a suitable one according to the type of plant.
The fertilizer contains the required minerals and other nutrients that plants need for optimal growth and yield.
During the growing stage, the plants need different minerals, such as Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium. Nitrogen helps in foliage growth, while potassium ensures healthy roots.
Similarly, other minerals and micronutrients play their role in order to grow healthy plants.
Perfect Ventilation System
Indoor growers need a perfect ventilation system to keep plants healthy. A proper ventilation system solves many problems of an indoor grow area.
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The first benefit of having an adequate ventilation system is to control the temperature in the grow area. Plants need optimal environmental conditions to grow healthy. If the temperature is too high, it will harm the plants.
The ventilation system expels out the heat in the area. The heat produced by grow lights is also trapped in the grow room, and it should also be expelled through the ventilation system.
The next important work of a ventilation system is to control the humidity. If the humidity increases above the extreme level, the plants might suffer from mold and mildew. High humidity is the perfect environment for the growth of microorganisms that harm plants.
The ventilation system removes the air present inside the grow room and moves the fresh air inside. It reduces the humidity and keeps it at the optimal level.
Availability of CO2
Plants also need CO2 to carry out photosynthesis. If there is no proper ventilation system, there won’t be enough CO2 in the air, and plants will suffer.
To grow healthy plants, a proper supply of CO2 is essential; otherwise, plants cannot prepare their food. The ventilation system brings fresh air inside the grow room. It ensures the supply of CO2 inside the grow area.
Another problem with indoor grow rooms is the smell. Plants produce an irritating smell, and this smell should be filtered and expelled. For this, ventilation is again needed.
Simply put, a ventilation system plays many roles in order to grow healthy plants. You need oscillating fans, exhaust fans, carbon filters, and intake fans to make an ideal ventilation system.
Monitor Your Plants Regularly
The most important step to grow healthy plants is regular monitoring. Plants undergo various changes, and you need to monitor everything to ensure the optimal conditions that help in the growth of plants.
Monitor Temperature and Humidity
It is crucial to monitor the temperature and humidity to control the environmental conditions of the grow area. For this, you need to buy a thermo-hygrometer. It will tell you the temperature and humidity of the area. You need to monitor the temperature and humidity regularly.
For temperature control, indoor growers install HVAC or air conditioning systems. They keep the optimal temperature according to the plants. If the humidity is a little higher, fans can control it. Otherwise, a dehumidifier is needed.
After monitoring the temperature and humidity through a thermo-hygrometer, the grower can easily adjust the HVAC system and the humidifier.
Monitor Soil pH Level
The pH level of the soil indicates whether there is an issue with the soil or not. In many problems related to the soil, such as nutrient lockout, the pH of the soil is disturbed.
It is a good idea to monitor the pH level regularly to ensure everything is up to the mark. If the pH level is not in the favorable range, you might need to flush the plant or use pH-balanced water.
Improper pH level is quite harmful to plants as it creates nutrient deficiency. The signs of nutrient lockout and other problems are difficult to identify. Therefore, you need to monitor the pH level of plants using a pH meter. It helps in identifying the soil problems in the early stage.
Check for Pests and Microorganisms
Pests and microorganisms can destroy your plants. It is better to keep an eye on them to detect their growth in the early stage. If your plants are infested by pests, you need to have pest control as soon as possible.
Microorganisms, such as mold and mildew, grow rapidly. Therefore, you need to detect them as soon as possible and take the right measures to prevent their further growth.
Check for Different Symptoms
Growers also need to check for different symptoms in plants. They need to check the color of the leaf and its edges. If the color is turning yellow or brown, there could be an issue with the plant.
Similarly, other common issues are bending of the stem and leaves, powdery mildew, curling in leaves, brittle leaves, yellowing of internal stem, etc.
It is important to check the plant for different issues. If there is any symptom, the grower needs to act immediately to treat the plants.