Grow lights are an integral part of an indoor growing system.
In order to have a high-quality yield, it is important to have a thorough understanding of how a lighting system works and when the grow light bulbs need to be replaced.
This will ensure that you maintain consistent levels of usable light energy (meaning PAR) in the growing area and have healthy and lush green plants.
For indoor growers who use grow lights as sunlight substitutes, it's imperative to know when the grow light bulb is about to bid goodbye.
In this article, we'll dive deeper to learn about bulb replacement so that you stay at the top of your game.
Before any further ado, let's start by talking about the life span of grow light bulbs.
How Long Do Regular Grow Light Bulbs Last?
As a general rule of thumb, growers prefer to change their grow light bulbs every year. This can be pretty vague as some bulbs may be able to last longer while others may die out only in a few months.
With so many factors involved, there isn't a fixed time for replacing bulbs.
Several grow light bulb manufacturers mention upfront that their bulb will last a certain number of hours (for instance, 15000 hours). This gives growers a better understanding of their lighting systems.
It must be noted that almost all best grow light bulbs for indoor plants may need to be replaced after a while. Be it HID lights, MH bulbs, incandescent bulbs, or even LED grow lights—all of them will need to be replaced after the estimated lifespan.
This is because even the best grow light bulbs tend to lose their efficiency gradually, leading to less usable light energy.
When you first install a grow light, it produces the maximum amount of lumens. 'Lumens' refer to the total amount of visible light that is emitted from a lighting system. Grow lights have a lifespan that is measured in hours.
Some grow light bulbs might last longer than others. For example, LED grow lights have an estimated lifespan of 50,000-100,000 hours while HPS bulbs have an estimated lifespan of 24,000 hours. Because of the difference in technologies, it's hard to compare two lighting systems.
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There are tell-tale signs of a bulb needing replacement, but we'll talk about those later in the article.
As growers use the grow light on a regular basis, the light output (or the amount of visible light emitted) decreases gradually. After about, say, 15,000 hours, the grow light bulb may have a much lower output even though it may be consuming the same amount of energy.
What this means is that your plants may not be getting sufficient light, while your energy bill stays the same. Since plants need adequate light to grow, less light means that plants will grow slower. In such cases, the solution is to replace grow lights whenever necessary.
Lamp Lumen Depreciation
Lamp Lumen Depreciation or LLD is a measure that light manufacturers use to calculate the estimated lifetime value of a grow light.
Lumen Depreciation, in simple words, refers to the decrease in light output of a lighting system over a period of time.
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The lumen depreciation rate is affected by multiple variables such as the kind of lighting system you have, the total hours of usage, temperature, maintenance, etc.
But why does light output matter? Does it make a difference if the light output decreases? And why is it so important to have uniform light across the plant canopy? Let's take a look.
How Does Light Uniformity Affect Plants?
When considering factors such as light output, efficiency, and intensity, growers tend to miss out on light uniformity.
Uniform lighting across the plant canopy ensures that your plants grow at an even rate and are at the same stage of growth. When lighting is unevenly spread out, some plants may grow faster than others and end up overshadowing them.
It also means that the plants that are getting more light in the plant canopy will have more water requirements.
Light intensity varies across the plant canopy. Typically, plants that fall right under the grow lights receive the most light. This spot is known as the 'hotspot'.
On the other hand, light intensity is lesser where plants are grown further from the light source. This is why light placement, intensity, and uniformity play a huge role in maximizing yield in indoor gardening.
Likewise, if you have multiple lights in a grow room, it's important to keep the right placement and distance in mind to ensure that light spreads evenly in the grow room.
Now, let's take a look at how long LED grow lights last.
How Long Does LED Grow Light Last?
A reason why growers choose LED grow lights is that they are durable and have a longer lifespan than other lighting systems, typically lasting for a couple of years at least.
LED lighting systems are super versatile and growers can modify their lighting systems to meet their requirements.
Depending on the brand, the technology, and the quality, led grow light bulbs for indoor plants can last anywhere from 50,000 to 100,000 hours while on the other hand, other grow light fixtures may last anywhere from 15,000 to 24,000 hours.
LEDs Don’t Have Bulbs That Need Replacing
LED grow light bulbs can be used in place of other grow lights such as HIDs (HPS and metal halides).
For instance, Medic Grow LED grow lights can be used to replace 1000 watt HID lights in your grow room. These grow lights are suitable for large-scale projects/commercial purposes as well as hobby growth.
These are full spectrum led grow light bulbs—which means that they provide your plants with an array of different wavelengths as opposed to only having blue or red colors of the spectrum. Full spectrum led grow light bulbs provide your plants with light for every stage of growth.
Because of the advanced technology, LED grow lights produce less heat than other lighting systems. This doesn't mean that they produce no heat at all. As is the case with any grow light, the heat output can be managed with proper thermal management.
Before making a purchase, growers must also take into account the technology of the grow light bulbs bunnings that they use.
There are several cheap LED grow lights in the market that are either low quality and/or don't feature the latest technology. Outdated technology means that these lights wouldn't deliver the best results.
LED grow lights may also come with additional equipment and features such as heat sinks, dimmers, controllers, spectrum control, scheduling, etc.
Wondering how to tell if your grow light bulbs need replacing? Let's take a look at it in the next part.
How To Tell When Your Light Bulbs Need Replacing?
There are two main signs that you should look out for:
- Reduced Lumen Output (meaning reduced light output)
- Flickering or blinking grow lights.
Let's talk about them one by one.
Firstly, reduced brightness or light output signals usually indicates that the grow light bulbs need to be replaced. As the lumen output decreases, the lighting system's ability to fulfill the requirements of your plants also decreases.
Depending on the type and quality of lights that you have, your lights may last for as little as 6 months to a couple of years.
Using PAR Meters
Growers can use a PAR meter (basically a light meter) to measure the PAR output of a grow light. Once you have your numbers, you can use reflectors in your grow room to increase the PAR output.
If you're growing in a grow tent, the walls will have a reflective film that works the same way as reflectors. Ideally, you should take readings from the meter after the grow light bulb is first installed and then continue taking readings every six months or so. This will help you understand how much longer your bulb can go on.
When the PAR output reaches below a certain level, you know that it's time to replace your lighting fixtures.
Secondly, having flickering or blinking grow light bulbs doesn't necessarily mean that your bulbs need to be replaced—it could mean that you have a wiring issue, faulty switch, loose connections, etc.
Inspect the grow lights carefully and take a look at the light meter. If you're sure that it's not one of these problems and you still find your lights flickering or blinking, your bulb may be about to go out.
Now that you know when your grow light bulbs need to be changed, let's try to understand why it is that you need to change your grow light bulbs for regular lamps.
Why Do Grow Light Bulbs Need To Be Replaced?
Grow light bulbs can require massive investment from gardeners and as much as growers would like for them to last longer, they need to be replaced after their light output has decreased immensely.
Grow light bulbs such as HPS, MH or CMH are known as HIDs and are gas-powered. Each of these bulbs features a specific chemical composition.
Different grow light bulbs feature different technologies and compositions which makes them ideal for different kinds of set-ups.
Growers must not only look at the life expectancy of the grow lights but also how they perform once this estimated lifespan has been reached. Grow lights, no matter what type you own, are bound to deplete with time and need replacement. Depending on the composition, some bulbs may depreciate faster than others.
For instance, after running for 20,000 hours, t5 fluorescent bulbs will lose about 5-10% of their lumen output. They will need to be replaced in approximately 18-24 months.
Grow Light Maintenance Tips
Here are a few grow light maintenance tips to keep your lights in the best state:
- Make sure to schedule a light replacement or inspect the light output, once the estimated lifespan of a grow light is over. Several led grow light bulbs for indoor plants may still work efficiently while others may need replacement.
- Cleaning dust buildup that accumulates on your lighting system is a great way to maintain appropriate light output.
- Make sure that you do not use a wet cloth, water, or cleaning solution near the socket or base of the grow lights. This can lead to a short circuit or a fire breakout. It's best to learn more about basic electrical wiring to prevent any mishaps.
- Ensure that the lighting system is turned off and unplugged before you start cleaning it. Do not handle lighting systems right after they've been turned off. The lights can be really hot.
- Always follow the instructions that are provided by the manufacturer when installing, cleaning, or replacing grow light bulbs.
- Keep safety measures in mind: make sure that there's no trash or inflammable items such as cloth or papers in the grow room.
- Safety supplies that are beneficial to have in your grow room include fire extinguishers, coverall suits, eye protection, and face masks.
So, which one of these grow lights is better: fluorescents, HIDs, and LEDs.
The answer is, it depends on the size of your operation, your budget, and most importantly: your requirements.
The high upfront charges for LED grow lights is a reason why growers tend to choose other lighting systems. Led grow light bulbs for indoor plants can require quite an investment from growers.
Typically, amateurs and hobby growers don't have the budget to spend such an amount of money on lighting systems for their plants, which is why they may prefer HIDs.
However, LEDs may need to be replaced much less frequently than HIDs—you can go years without needing a replacement. This helps you save time and energy.
Additionally, some companies offer rebates and incentives for using LED grow lights, which means extra savings.
While choosing a grow light for your growing area, consider all of these factors and make an informed decision.